Table of Contents
What is Futsal?
Futsal, the thrilling indoor version of soccer, is a sport that’s all about quick feet, skilful dribbles, and goals galore. If you’ve never heard of futsal, don’t worry – we’re here to break down the game’s rules, history, major events, and more, all with a sprinkle of humor to keep things lively!
History of Futsal
Futsal is a variant of soccer. The game was invented in Montevideo, Uruguay in 1930, where kids played soccer in tighter spaces to hone their skills. They didn’t have fancy fields, so they used basketball courts and even empty lots.
A teacher named Juan Carlos Ceriani came up with a new game called futsal. He designed it as a fun indoor version of soccer, perfect for playing in places like gyms or basketball courts at YMCAs. His main aim was to create a game similar to regular soccer that could be played both indoors and outdoors and also worked well with fewer players.
This game quickly caught on thanks to the YMCA network spreading it across South America. People loved this game because it was simple to play and could be enjoyed all year round, regardless of the weather. Interestingly, today, this game is the only form of indoor soccer officially supported by FIFA (that’s the International Federation of Association Football, the governing body for soccer).
Eventually, the game grew and got its own name, which comes from the Portuguese words “futebol” (soccer) and “sala” (room or hall). It’s like soccer’s snazzy cousin who loves playing indoors!
It’s played indoors on a hard court with a smaller, low-bounce ball. The game focuses on skill, agility, and quick decision-making due to the limited space, making it a true test of a player’s ability.
The Futsal Shuffle is a dance move that was popularized by the song of the same name by Lil Uzi Vert. It’s a fun and easy dance that anyone can learn, and it’s a great way to get moving and have some fun.
The basic steps of the Futsal Shuffle are as follows:
- Start with your feet shoulder-width apart.
- Step to the right with your right foot, and then immediately step to the left with your left foot.
- Repeat steps 2 and 3, but this time add a small hop in between each step.
- Continue repeating steps 2-3, gradually increasing the speed of your steps.
You can also add variations to the dance by incorporating different arm movements, spins, and kicks. There are many different tutorials available online that can teach you the basic steps of the Futsal Shuffle.
Here are some tips for learning the Futsal Shuffle:
- Start slowly and gradually increase the speed of your steps as you get more comfortable with the dance.
- Practice in front of a mirror so you can see your form.
- Watch videos of other people doing the Futsal Shuffle to get ideas for different variations.
- Have fun! This is a dance that is meant to be enjoyed.
If you’re looking for a fun and easy dance to learn, this is a great option. It’s a great way to get moving and have some fun, and it’s a dance that anyone can do. So put on your favorite song and give it a try!
Rules and Regulations
This game has its own set of rules that set it apart from traditional soccer. Some key rules include:
Team Size: Each team has five players, including one goalkeeper, on the court at a time. Substitutions can be made at any time, and they’re usually done quickly as players leave and enter through a designated area.
No Walls: Unlike indoor soccer, there are no walls in it. The ball can go out of bounds, and players must use their skills to keep it in play.
Time: These matches are shorter, typically consisting of two halves of 20 minutes each.
Kick-ins: Instead of throw-ins, the ball is kicked back into play from the sidelines (touchline)
Kick-offs: After a goal is scored, the game resumes with a kick-off from the center spot.
No Offside: There’s no offside rule in this, encouraging more attacking and fast-paced gameplay.
Throw-ins: There are no throw-ins. Play resumes with a kick-in.
Court (Pitch) Surface: The surface of the pitch must be flat and smooth, preferably made of wood or artificial material, according to the competition rules. Artificial turf pitches are permitted in exceptional cases but only for domestic competitions.
Ball: The futsal ball is smaller and heavier than a regular soccer ball. It has a circumference of 62-64 centimeters and a weight of 400-440 grams. The ball must bounce between 50 and 65 centimeters when dropped from a height of 2 meters.
Players: A team consists of 5 players, including 4 outfield players and 1 goalkeeper. A team must have a minimum of 3 players to play a game.
Futsal Shoes: Players must wear non-marking shoes with flat soles. Shin guards are also required.
Other equipment: Players may wear headgear, facemasks, knee and arm protectors, and goalkeepers’ caps. However, no electronic or communication equipment is allowed.
Time: This game consists of 2 halves of 20 minutes each. There is no injury time or stoppage time. The clock stops when the ball goes out of play or a foul is called.
Substitutions: Substitutions can be made at any time during the game, including during stoppages. A team is allowed up to 9 substitutions per game.
Other rules: There are no offsides. The goalkeeper can handle the ball inside the penalty area, but not outside of it. A player who commits a foul inside the penalty area is awarded a penalty kick.
Futsal Field Dimensions:
The field is a rectangular area with a length of 25-42 meters and a width of 16-25 meters.
Goals: The goals are located at each end of the field and are 3 meters wide and 2 meters high.\
Penalty area: The penalty area is located in front of each goal and is marked by a semi-circle with a radius of 6 meters.
Other markings: There are also markings for the center spot, the center circle, and the corner arcs.
Changing the Goalkeeper:
- A goalkeeper can be changed by any of the substitutes at any time during the game.
- A player can also change places with the goalkeeper, but this must be done during a stoppage in the game and with the referee’s permission.
- The player or substitute replacing the goalkeeper must wear a goalkeeper’s shirt with their own number on the back.
Overtime will only be played in playoffs
1. Five minutes of golden goal overtime will be played. (Unless both teams agree to play the full 5 minutes)
2. If still tied the teams will go into kicks from the mark.
3. Penalty kicks consist of 3 rounds, with each team shooting once per round.
Once the team of fewer players has used all eligible members to kick, both teams may begin reusing players.
A coin flip will be held with the winner deciding whether to shoot first or last.
Fouls and Misconduct
- A penalty kick is awarded if a foul is committed inside the penalty box.
- A player who receives a red card must leave the field of play immediately and cannot be replaced for the rest of the match. However, the player’s team can replace the player after a mandatory two-minute time penalty.
- During the two-minute time penalty, the team must play with one less player. If the team concedes a goal during this time, the substitute may come on immediately following the goal.
▪︎ A record is kept of the number of fouls committed by each team. This is called “accumulated fouls.”
▪︎ When a team accumulates 6 fouls, the opposing team receives a free kick at the second penalty spot (10 meters from the goal) without a wall.
▪︎ If the sixth foul is committed between the goal and the second penalty spot, the free kick is taken where the foul occurred.
》 Same as soccer, fouls are given either indirect or direct free kicks
Direct Free Kick
A direct free kick is awarded to the opposing team if a player commits any of the following offences:
- Kicks or attempts to kick an opponent
- Trips an opponent
- Jumps at an opponent
- Strikes or attempts to strike an opponent
- Spits at an opponent
- Holds an opponent
- Pushes an opponent
- Handles the ball (intentionally touches the ball with their hands or arms)
If a player of the defending team commits any of these offences inside their own penalty area, a penalty kick is awarded to the opposing team.
Indirect Free Kick
An indirect free kick is awarded to the opposing team if a player commits any of the following offences:
- Plays the ball in the air over all three lines (touchline, goal line, and halfway line) without it touching another player or a wall.
- Plays the ball above the wall, and the last player to touch the ball before it goes out of play is penalized for it.
- Plays the ball dangerously (e.g., high kicks).
- Obstructs an opponent (without playing the ball).
- Takes more than 6 seconds to release the ball back into play after catching it.
- Picks up the ball after it has been deliberately kicked to them by a teammate.
- Handles the ball inside the penalty arc.
- Touch the ball with their hands after it has been deliberately kicked to them by a teammate, except if the ball has been touched by another player first.
- The kicker on a kick-off, free kick, or corner kick plays the ball again before it has been touched or played by another player.
- Intentionally obstructs the opposing goalkeeper in an attempt to prevent them from putting the ball into play.
- Any infringement by the attacking team during a penalty/free kick.
- Any player moves in front of the ball before it is kicked from any dead ball free-kick. This includes no walls. All players must be 3 yards away from the ball as well and have their arms away from the goal (this excludes goalkeepers).
Delays the game.
- If an indirect free kick is awarded inside the defending team’s penalty area, a corner kick is awarded to the opposing team. If an indirect free kick is awarded inside the opposing team’s penalty area, a goal kick is awarded to the opposing team.
A player will be cautioned (yellow card) and receive a two-minute penalty for the following offences:
- Leaving or entering the field of play without first getting the signal from the referee.
- Persistently infringing the rules of the game.
- Showing by word or action dissent from any decision given by the referee.
- Being guilty of unsportsmanlike conduct.
- Delaying the restart.
- Failure to respect distance.
- Deliberately hitting the ceiling of the building.
- Slide tackling.
A player will be ejected (red card) for the following infractions:
- Receiving two yellow cards.
- Being guilty of violent or serious foul play.
- Using foul or abusive language.
- Conduct that warrants ejection in the judgment of the referee.
- Denying an obvious goal-scoring opportunity.
A penalty kick shall be taken after the official has awarded a direct free kick within the opposing team’s penalty area. The ball will be placed on the designated penalty spot (3-point line). All players will remain outside the 25-ft line and no closer than ten (10) feet from the stationary ball.
An infringement by an opposing player will cause the penalty to be retaken unless a goal is scored.
An infringement by a teammate will cause the penalty to be retaken unless a goal is not scored.
Now, let’s meet the people in charge! Every matches have two referees, one on each touchline. Referees who make sure everyone’s playing by the rules, there are two assistant referees to help out.
Major Organizations and Governing Bodies of Futsal
Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA): FIFA is the international governing body of association football, beach soccer, and futsal. It is responsible for maintaining and regulating the official rules of futsal.
FIFA publishes its rules as the ‘Laws of the Game’, in which each of the 17 ‘laws’ is a thematically related collection of individual regulations. The laws define all aspects of the game, including which may be changed to suit local competitions and leagues.
Asociación Mundial de Fútsal (AMF): AMF is the world governing body, excluding FIFA-affiliated associations. It was founded in 1971 and is based in Asuncion, Paraguay. AMF publishes its own set of rules, which are different from FIFA’s rules.
United States Futsal Federation (USFF): The USFF is the national governing body of in the United States. It is responsible for organizing and promoting futsal competitions in the United States. The USFF is affiliated with FIFA and AMF.
Asian Futsal Confederation (AFC): The AFC is the continental governing body of futsal in Asia. It is responsible for organizing and promoting futsal competitions in Asia. The AFC is affiliated with
European Futsal Association (EFA): The EFA is the continental governing body of futsal in Europe. It is responsible for organizing and promoting futsal competitions in Europe. The EFA is affiliated with FIFA.
Major Futsal Events in the World
1. FIFA Futsal World Cup is the most prestigious futsal competition in the world. It is organized by FIFA, the international governing body of football, and is contested by the senior men’s national teams of the member associations.
The tournament is held every four years, and the current champions are Portugal. Brazil is the most successful team in the history of the tournament, with 5 titles.
2. The Futsal Confederations Cup is an intercontinental futsal competition contested by the men’s national teams of the six continental confederations.
It is organized by FIFA and is held every four years, in the year preceding the FIFA Futsal World Cup. The current champions are Argentina.
3. UEFA Futsal Championship is the European futsal championship contested by the men’s national teams of the member associations of UEFA, the European football governing body.
The tournament is held every four years, and the current champions are Portugal. Spain is the most successful team in the history of the tournament, with 4 titles.
4. AFC Futsal Asian Cup is the Asian futsal championship contested by the men’s national teams of the member associations of the Asian Football Confederation (AFC).
The tournament is held every four years, and the current champions are Iran. Iran is also the most successful team in the history of the tournament, with 4 titles.
5. CAF Futsal African Cup of Nations is the African futsal championship contested by the men’s national teams of the member associations of the Confederation of African Football (CAF).
The tournament is held every two years, and the current champions are Morocco. Morocco is also the most successful team in the history of the tournament, with 3 titles.
6. CONCACAF Futsal Championship is the North, Central American and Caribbean futsal championship contested by the men’s national teams of the member associations of CONCACAF.
The tournament is held every two years, and the current champions are Mexico. Mexico is also the most successful team in the history of the tournament, with 8 titles.
7. CONMEBOL Futsal Copa América is the South American futsal championship contested by the men’s national teams of the member associations of CONMEBOL, the South American football governing body.
The tournament is held every two years, and the current champions are Argentina. Argentina is also the most successful team in the history of the tournament, with 10 titles.
These are just a few of the major futsal events in the world. There are many other tournaments and competitions held at the national, regional, and club levels.
Benefits of Playing Futsal
Improved ball control and dribbling skills: The smaller playing area and tighter spaces in futsal force players to be more creative and skillful with the ball at their feet. This can lead to improved dribbling, passing, and shooting skills.
Faster decision-making: The fast-paced nature of futsal requires players to make quick decisions under pressure. This can help players develop their game intelligence and learn to think on their feet.
Better teamwork and passing: The small playing area in futsal means that players need to work together more effectively to create scoring opportunities. This can help improve teamwork and passing skills.
Increased fitness: Futsal is a physically demanding sport that can help players improve their aerobic fitness, agility, and speed.
Reduced risk of injury: The smaller playing area and lack of walls in futsal means that there is less contact between players, which can reduce the risk of injury.
Fun and social activity: Futsal is a fun and social activity that can be enjoyed by people of all ages and skill levels. It is a great way to stay active and meet new people.
Here are some additional benefits of playing futsal for youth:
- It can help develop a player’s technical skills. The smaller playing area and tighter spaces in futsal force players to be more creative and skilful with the ball at their feet. This can lead to improved dribbling, passing, and shooting skills.
- It can help develop a player’s tactical awareness. The fast-paced nature of futsal requires players to make quick decisions under pressure. This can help players develop their game intelligence and learn to think on their feet.
- It can help develop a player’s physical fitness. Futsal is a physically demanding sport that can help players improve their aerobic fitness, agility, and speed.
- It can help develop a player’s mental toughness. The fast-paced and competitive nature of futsal can help players develop the mental toughness they need to succeed in other sports and in life.
Overall, futsal is a great way to improve your soccer skills and fitness. It is a fun and social activity that can be enjoyed by people of all ages and skill levels. If you are looking for a way to take your soccer game to the next level, I encourage you to give futsal a try.
Tips for Futsal Success
Now that you’re all pumped up to dive into the world of futsal, let’s sprinkle some tips to help you conquer the court:
Quick Feet, Sharp Mind: Futsal is all about thinking on your feet, putting on your Futsal Shoes, and keeping those brain cells on their toes! With less space to work with, you’ll need to make quick decisions and precise passes to outwit your opponents.
Fancy Footwork: Dribbling is like a dance in futsal – the fancier, the better! Practice your step-overs, nutmegs, and spins to leave defenders scratching their heads (and possibly their shins).
Passing Precision: Ever tried threading a needle? Futsal passing is like that but with a soccer ball. Master the art of accurate and swift passes to create scoring opportunities for your team.
Defend Like a Ninja: Defense might not get the spotlight, but it’s crucial. Channel your inner ninja and anticipate your opponent’s moves. And remember, sliding tackles are like superhero landings – they look cool but should be used wisely!
Embrace Mistakes: Everyone trips and fumbles – it’s part of the futsal journey. Laugh off your missteps and get back in the game with a smile. After all, the best players are the ones who learn from their blunders.
Fitness Fun: Futsal is a sprint, not a marathon. Focus on short bursts of energy, agility, and quick recovery. It’s like doing a workout while chasing a ball – who needs a gym?
Team Tango: You’re not dancing solo here; it’s a team tango! Communicate, coordinate, and support each other. A well-oiled futsal team moves like a synchronized dance troupe.
Goalkeeper Greatness: If you’re the last line of defense, embrace your inner superhero! Dive, jump, and stretch like your cape is on fire. A heroic save can turn the game around.
Ready, Set, Futsal!
So, whether you’re a seasoned soccer champ looking to mix things up or a newbie eager to try a new sport, futsal welcomes you with open arms (and bouncing balls)! Remember, it’s not just about goals and glory – it’s about the thrill of the game, the joy of playing indoors, and the friendships you make along the way. So lace up those shoes, grab that ball, and get ready to embrace the fast and fabulous world of futsal!
In a Nutshell
So, there you have it – Now you got the answer What is futsal? It is in all its fast-paced, indoor glory. With smaller teams, tighter spaces, and plenty of laughter, it’s like the sport decided to put on its dancing shoes! Whether you’re a soccer aficionado or a casual sports enthusiast, futsal offers a unique and exciting twist on the game we all love. Get ready to cheer, laugh, and be amazed by the magic of futsal!
Frequently Asked Questions
1. What is futsal?
Ans. Futsal is a five-a-side indoor version of football played on a hard court with a smaller, heavier ball. It is a fast-paced and technical game that emphasizes ball control, passing, and dribbling.
2. How many players are there in a futsal game?
Ans. There are five players on each team in a futsal game, including one goalkeeper. Unlimited substitutions are allowed.
3. What are the dimensions of a futsal court?
Ans. A futsal court is 40 meters long and 20 meters wide. The goals are 3 meters wide and 2 meters high.
4. What are the rules of futsal?
Ans. The rules of futsal are similar to the rules of football, but there are some key differences. For example, in futsal, players are not allowed to touch the ball with their hands or arms. There are also no offsides in futsal.
5. What are the benefits of playing futsal?
Ans. Futsal is a great way to stay fit and improve your football skills. It is also a low-impact sport that is easy on the joints. Futsal can also help to improve your ball control, passing, and dribbling skills.